If you have a SAN or shared file system it can be used to provide high availability such that if a broker is killed, another broker can take over immediately.
Basically you can run as many brokers as you wish from the same shared file system directory. The first broker to grab the exclusive lock on the file is the master broker. If that broker dies and releases the lock then another broker takes over. The slave brokers sit in a loop trying to grab the lock from the master broker.
The following example shows how to configure a broker for Shared File System Master Slave where /sharedFileSystem is some directory on a shared file system. It is just a case of configuring a file based store to use a shared directory.
On startup one master grabs an exclusive lock on the broker file directory - all other brokers are slaves and pause waiting for the exclusive lock.
Clients should be using the Failover Transport to connect to the available brokers. e.g. using a URL something like the following
Only the master broker starts up its transport connectors and so the clients can only connect to the master.
If the master looses the exclusive lock then it immediately shuts down. If a master shuts down or fails, one of the other slaves will grab the lock and so the topology switches to the following diagram
One of the other other slaves immediately grabs the exclusive lock on the file system to them commences becoming the master, starting all of its transport connectors.
Clients loose connection to the stopped master and then the failover transport tries to connect to the available brokers - of which the only one available is the new master.
At any time you can restart other brokers which join the cluster and start as slaves waiting to become a master if the master is shutdown or a failure occurs. So the following topology is created after a restart of an old master...