Features > Destination Features > Wildcards
We support destination wildcards to provide easy support for federated name hierarchies. This concept has been popular in financial market data for some time as a way of organizing events (such as price changes) into hierarchies and to use wildcards for easy subscription of the range of information you’re interested in.
For example imagine you are sending price messages from a stock exchange feed. You might use some kind of destination such as
PRICE.STOCK.NASDAQ.ORCLto publish Oracle Corporation’s price on NASDAQ and
PRICE.STOCK.NYSE.IBMto publish IBM’s price on the New York Stock Exchange
A subscriber could then use exact destinations to subscribe to exactly the prices it requires. Or it could use wildcards to define hierarchical pattern matches to the destinations to subscribe from.
We support the following wildcards which are fairly standard practice; wildcards are not part of the JMS specification so are custom enhancements.
.is used to separate names in a path
*is used to match any name in a path
>is used to recursively match any destination starting from this name
For example using the example above, these subscriptions are possible
Any price for any product on any exchange
Any price for a stock on any exchange
Any stock price on NASDAQ
Any IBM stock price on any exchange
Note:** Don't specify any string after '>' on your wildcard expression, it will be ignored. E.g. using a wildcard PRICE.>.IBM
will also match PRICE.STOCK.NASDAQ.FB.` Using ‘>’ really matches everything till the end of the destination name.
Custom path separator
As of version 5.5.0 we support plugin that allows clients to use customer path separator. So instead of
you can use
<plugins> ..... <destinationPathSeparatorPlugin/> </plugins>
ActiveMQ 3.2.1 Release
A default path separator this plugin will use is
/. You can customize it further using