ActiveMQ 4.x and greater provides pluggable security through various different providers.

The most common providers are

  • JAAS for authentication
  • a default authorization mechanism using a simple XML configuration file.

Authentication

The default JAAS plugin relies on the standard JAAS mechanism for authentication. Refer to the documentation for more detail.

Typically you configure JAAS using a config file like this one and set the java.security.auth.login.config system property to point to it. If no system property is specified then by default the ActiveMQ JAAS plugin will look for login.config on the classpath and use that.

Authentication Example

Here is an example login.config which then points to these files

Simple Authentication Plugin

If you have modest authentication requirements (or just want to quickly set up your testing environment) you can use SimpleAuthenticationPlugin. With this plugin you can define users and groups directly in the broker's XML configuration. Take a look at the following snippet for example:

<simpleAuthenticationPlugin>
	<users>
		<authenticationUser username="system" password="manager"
			groups="users,admins"/>
		<authenticationUser username="user" password="password"
			groups="users"/>
		<authenticationUser username="guest" password="password" groups="guests"/>
	</users>
</simpleAuthenticationPlugin>

Users and groups defined in this way can be later used with the appropriate authorization plugin.

Anonymous access

From version 5.4.0 onwards, you can configure simple authentication plugin to allow anonymous access to the broker.

<simpleAuthenticationPlugin anonymousAccessAllowed="true">
    <users>
        <authenticationUser username="system" password="manager"
            groups="users,admins"/>
        <authenticationUser username="user" password="password"
            groups="users"/>
        <authenticationUser username="guest" password="password" groups="guests"/>
    </users>
</simpleAuthenticationPlugin>

To allow anonymous access to the broker, use anonymousAccessAllowed attribute and set it to true as shown above. Now, when the client connects without username and password provided, a default username (anonymous) and group (anonymous) will be assigned to its security context. You can use this username and password to authorize client's access to appropriate broker resources (see the next section). You can also change username and group that will be assigned to anonymous users by using anonymousUser and anonymousGroup attributes.

Authorization

In ActiveMQ we use a number of operations which you can associate with user roles and either individual queues or topics or you can use wildcards to attach to hierarchies of topics and queues.

Operation

Description

read

You can browse and consume from the destination

write

You can send messages to the destination

admin

You can lazily create the destination if it does not yet exist. This allows you fine grained control over which new destinations can be dynamically created in what part of the queue/topic hierarchy

Queues/Topics can specified using the ActiveMQ Wildcards syntax.

Authorization Example

The following example shows these 2 plugins in operation. Though note its very easy to write your own plugin.

Note that full access rights should generally be given to the ActiveMQ.Advisory destinations because by default an ActiveMQConnection uses destination advisories to get early knowledge of temp destination creation and deletion. In addition, dynamic network connectors use advisories to determine consumer demand.
If necessary, the use of advisories in this manner can be disabled via the watchTopicAdvisories boolean attribute of ActiveMQConnectionFactory and for a networkConnector, via the network connector staticBridge(5.6) boolean attribute.

Broker-to-Broker Authentication and Authorization

If you have enabled authentication for a particular message broker, then other brokers that wish to connect to that broker must provide the proper authentication credentials via their <networkConnector> element. For example, suppose that we have a network of brokers with the following configuration:

  • The network of brokers comprises two brokers (BrokerA and BrokerB)
  • Authentication for BrokerA has been enabled via the example <simpleAuthenticationPlugin> element.
  • Authentication for BrokerB has not been enabled.
  • BrokerA only listens for connections. In other words, BrokerA has a <transportConnector> element, but no <networkConnector> elements.

In order for BrokerB to connect to BrokerA, the corresponding <networkConnector> element in BrokerB's XML configuration file must be set up as follows.

<networkConnectors>
   <networkConnector name="brokerAbridge"
                     userName="user"
                     password="password"
                     uri="static://(tcp://brokerA:61616)"/>
   </networkConnectors>

Note how BrokerB's <networkConnector> element must provide the proper credentials in order to connect to BrokerA. If authorization has been enabled on BrokerA, then the userName assigned to the <networkConnector> element must also have the proper authorization credentials. Messages cannot be forwarded from BrokerB to BrokerA if BrokerA has authorization enabled and BrokerB's corresponding <networkConnector> element's userName has not been given the proper authorization credentials.

Also, if BrokerA is given a <networkConnector> element so that it can initiate a connection to BrokerB, then that <networkConnector> must be given a userName/password combination that is defined in the <simpleAuthenticationPlugin> element; this is required even though BrokerB does not have authentication services enabled.

Controlling Access To Temporary Destinations

To control access to temporary destinations, you will need to add a <tempDestinationAuthorizationEntry> element to the authorizationMap. Through this element, you control access to all temporary destinations. If this element is not present, read, write, and admin privileges for temporary destinations will be granted to all. In the example below, read, write, and admin privileges for temporary destinations are only granted to those clients that have been assigned to the 'admin' group.

<broker>
  ..
   <plugins>
      ..
   <authorizationPlugin>
       <map>
         <authorizationMap>
           <authorizationEntries>
             <authorizationEntry queue="TEST.Q" read="users" write="users" admin="users" />
             <authorizationEntry topic="ActiveMQ.Advisory.>" read="all" write="all" admin="all"/>
           </authorizationEntries>
           <tempDestinationAuthorizationEntry>
             <tempDestinationAuthorizationEntry read="admin" write="admin" admin="admin"/>
           </tempDestinationAuthorizationEntry>
        </authorizationMap>
      </map>
   </authorizationPlugin>
     ..
  </plugins>
  ..
</broker>

LDAP Authentication Using the JAAS Plugin

A new/better ldap authorization module is available since 5.6. See Cached LDAP Authorization Module for more info.

1. Configure the JAAS LDAPLoginModule and the LDAPAuthorizationMap in activemq.xml:

    <plugins> 
      <!--  use JAAS to authenticate using the login.config file on the classpath to configure JAAS --> 
      <jaasAuthenticationPlugin configuration="LdapConfiguration" /> 
      <!--  lets configure a destination based role/group authorization mechanism --> 
      <authorizationPlugin> 
        <map> 
          <bean xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans" id="lDAPAuthorizationMap" 
                class="org.apache.activemq.security.LDAPAuthorizationMap"> 
            <property name="initialContextFactory" value="com.sun.jndi.ldap.LdapCtxFactory"/> 
            <property name="connectionURL" value="ldap://ldap.acme.com:389"/> 
            <property name="authentication" value="simple"/> 
            <property name="connectionUsername" value="cn=mqbroker,ou=Services,dc=acme,dc=com"/> 
            <property name="connectionPassword" value="password"/> 
            <property name="connectionProtocol" value="s"/> 
            <property name="topicSearchMatching" value="cn={0},ou=Topic,ou=Destination,ou=ActiveMQ,ou=systems,dc=acme,dc=com"/> 
            <property name="topicSearchSubtreeBool" value="true"/> 
            <property name="queueSearchMatching" value="cn={0},ou=Queue,ou=Destination,ou=ActiveMQ,ou=systems,dc=acme,dc=com"/> 
            <property name="queueSearchSubtreeBool" value="true"/> 
            <property name="adminBase" value="(cn=admin)"/> 
            <property name="adminAttribute" value="member"/> 
            <property name="adminAttributePrefix" value="cn="/> 
            <property name="readBase" value="(cn=read)"/> 
            <property name="readAttribute" value="member"/> 
            <property name="readAttributePrefix" value="cn="/> 
            <property name="writeBase" value="(cn=write)"/> 
            <property name="writeAttribute" value="member"/> 
            <property name="writeAttributePrefix" value="cn="/> 
          </bean> 
        </map> 
      </authorizationPlugin> 
    </plugins> 

2. Configure the JAAS login.config (I haven't de-duplicated the config yet):

 
LdapConfiguration { 
   org.apache.activemq.jaas.LDAPLoginModule required 
       debug=true 
       initialContextFactory=com.sun.jndi.ldap.LdapCtxFactory 
       connectionURL="ldap://ldap.acme.com:389" 
       connectionUsername="cn=mqbroker,ou=Services,dc=acme,dc=com" 
       connectionPassword=password 
       connectionProtocol=s 
       authentication=simple 
       userBase="ou=User,ou=ActiveMQ,ou=systems,dc=acme,dc=com" 
       userRoleName=dummyUserRoleName 
       userSearchMatching="(uid={0})" 
       userSearchSubtree=false 
       roleBase="ou=Group,ou=ActiveMQ,ou=systems,dc=acme,dc=com" 
       roleName=cn 
       roleSearchMatching="(member:=uid={1})" 
       roleSearchSubtree=true 
       ; 
}; 

3. Import the following LDIF file into the LDAP server:

version: 1

#
# Sample LDIF for ActiveMQ LDAP authentication and authorisation
# Passwords are defaulted to "password" - it is your responsibility to change them!
#
# Sets up:
# 1. Bind user
# 2. A sample queue with admin,read,write permission assignments
# 3. ActiveMQ advisory topics
# 4. Two groups - admin and webapp
# 5. Two users - admin and webapp
# 6. Role assignments - admin->admin, webapp->webapp
#
# (c) Robin Bramley 2008
# Provided as is without any warranty of any kind
# 

dn: dc=acme,dc=com
dc: acme
objectClass: domain
objectClass: top

dn: ou=Services,dc=acme,dc=com
ou: Services
objectClass: organizationalUnit
objectClass: top

dn: cn=mqbroker,ou=Services,dc=acme,dc=com
cn: mqbroker
objectClass: organizationalRole
objectClass: top
objectClass: simpleSecurityObject
userPassword: {SSHA}j0NpveEO0YD5rgI5kY8OxSRiN5KQ/kE4
description: Bind user for MQ broker

dn: ou=systems,dc=acme,dc=com
ou: systems
objectClass: organizationalUnit
objectClass: top

dn: ou=ActiveMQ,ou=systems,dc=acme,dc=com
objectClass: organizationalUnit
objectClass: top
ou: ActiveMQ

dn: ou=Destination,ou=ActiveMQ,ou=systems,dc=acme,dc=com
objectClass: organizationalUnit
objectClass: top
ou: Destination

dn: ou=Queue,ou=Destination,ou=ActiveMQ,ou=systems,dc=acme,dc=com
objectClass: organizationalUnit
objectClass: top
ou: Queue

dn: cn=com.acme.myfirstrealqueue,ou=Queue,ou=Destination,ou=ActiveMQ,ou=syst
 ems,dc=acme,dc=com
cn: com.acme.myfirstrealqueue
description: A queue
objectClass: applicationProcess
objectClass: top

dn: cn=admin,cn=com.acme.myfirstrealqueue,ou=Queue,ou=Destination,ou=ActiveM
 Q,ou=systems,dc=acme,dc=com
cn: admin
description: Admin privilege group, members are roles
member: cn=admin
member: cn=webapp
objectClass: groupOfNames
objectClass: top

dn: cn=read,cn=com.acme.myfirstrealqueue,ou=Queue,ou=Destination,ou=ActiveMQ
 ,ou=systems,dc=acme,dc=com
cn: read
member: cn=webapp
objectClass: groupOfNames
objectClass: top

dn: cn=write,cn=com.acme.myfirstrealqueue,ou=Queue,ou=Destination,ou=ActiveM
 Q,ou=systems,dc=acme,dc=com
cn: write
objectClass: groupOfNames
objectClass: top
member: cn=webapp

dn: ou=Topic,ou=Destination,ou=ActiveMQ,ou=systems,dc=acme,dc=co
 m
objectClass: organizationalUnit
objectClass: top
ou: Topic

dn: cn=ActiveMQ.Advisory.Consumer,ou=Topic,ou=Destination,ou=ActiveMQ,ou=sys
 tems,dc=acme,dc=com
cn: ActiveMQ.Advisory.Consumer
objectClass: applicationProcess
objectClass: top
description: Advisory topic about consumers

dn: cn=read,cn=ActiveMQ.Advisory.Consumer,ou=Topic,ou=Destination,ou=ActiveM
 Q,ou=systems,dc=acme,dc=com
cn: read
member: cn=webapp
objectClass: groupOfNames
objectClass: top

dn: cn=ActiveMQ.Advisory.TempQueue,ou=Topic,ou=Destination,ou=ActiveMQ,ou=sy
 stems,dc=acme,dc=com
cn: ActiveMQ.Advisory.TempQueue
description: Advisory topic about temporary queues
objectClass: applicationProcess
objectClass: top

dn: cn=read,cn=ActiveMQ.Advisory.TempQueue,ou=Topic,ou=Destination,ou=Active
 MQ,ou=systems,dc=acme,dc=com
cn: read
member: cn=webapp
objectClass: groupOfNames
objectClass: top

dn: cn=ActiveMQ.Advisory.TempTopic,ou=Topic,ou=Destination,ou=ActiveMQ,ou=sy
 stems,dc=acme,dc=com
cn: ActiveMQ.Advisory.TempTopic
objectClass: applicationProcess
objectClass: top
description: Advisory topic about temporary topics

dn: cn=read,cn=ActiveMQ.Advisory.TempTopic,ou=Topic,ou=Destination,ou=Active
 MQ,ou=systems,dc=acme,dc=com
cn: read
member: cn=webapp
objectClass: groupOfNames
objectClass: top

dn: ou=Group,ou=ActiveMQ,ou=systems,dc=acme,dc=com
objectClass: organizationalUnit
objectClass: top
ou: Group

dn: cn=admin,ou=Group,ou=ActiveMQ,ou=systems,dc=acme,dc=com
cn: admin
member: uid=admin
objectClass: groupOfNames
objectClass: top

dn: cn=webapp,ou=Group,ou=ActiveMQ,ou=systems,dc=acme,dc=com
cn: webapp
member: uid=webapp
objectClass: groupOfNames
objectClass: top

dn: ou=User,ou=ActiveMQ,ou=systems,dc=acme,dc=com
objectClass: organizationalUnit
objectClass: top
ou: User

dn: uid=admin,ou=User,ou=ActiveMQ,ou=systems,dc=acme,dc=com
uid: admin
userPassword: {SSHA}j0NpveEO0YD5rgI5kY8OxSRiN5KQ/kE4
objectClass: account
objectClass: simpleSecurityObject
objectClass: top

dn: uid=webapp,ou=User,ou=ActiveMQ,ou=systems,dc=acme,dc=com
uid: webapp
userPassword: {SSHA}j0NpveEO0YD5rgI5kY8OxSRiN5KQ/kE4
objectClass: account
objectClass: simpleSecurityObject
objectClass: top

4. Start up ActiveMQ

5. Test it out

Security and ActiveMQ Components

Along with the message broker, you can optionally execute several additional "components", such as Camel and/or the Web console. These components establish connections with the broker; therefore, if you have secured your broker (i.e., enabled authentication), you will have to configure these components in order to have them provide the required security credentials (username, password) when they connect to the broker.

Camel

You may have the following Camel context defined in your broker's XML configuration file.

<!--
  ** Lets deploy some Enterprise Integration Patterns inside the ActiveMQ Message Broker
  ** For more details see
  **
  ** http://activemq.apache.org/enterprise-integration-patterns.html -->

  <camelContext id="camel" xmlns="http://activemq.apache.org/camel/schema/spring">
       <package>org.foo.bar</package>
        <route>
            <from uri="activemq:example.A"/>
            <to uri="activemq:example.B"/>
        </route>
  </camelContext>

The above configuration is not set up to work within a secure environment.

If the application is running in an OSGi container, add the following line before the CamelContext definition:

<osgi:reference id="activemq" interface="org.apache.camel.Component" />

This allows any pre-configured instance of the ActiveMQComponent deployed in the container to take precedence on the default ActiveMQComponent.

That is, with the above configuration, Camel will establish a connection with ActiveMQ, but will not provide a username and password. Therefore, when ActiveMQ security is enabled, the above configuration results in a security exception. The exception will be thrown multiple times, because Camel will continue to retry the connection. If you're not using Camel, comment out the above XML code. If you are using Camel, add the following bean definition to your broker's XML configuration:

<!-- configure the camel activemq component to use the current broker -->
    <bean id="activemq" class="org.apache.activemq.camel.component.ActiveMQComponent" >
        <property name="connectionFactory">
          <bean class="org.apache.activemq.ActiveMQConnectionFactory">
            <property name="brokerURL" value="vm://localhost?create=false&amp;waitForStart=10000" />
            <property name="userName" value="system"/>
            <property name="password" value="manager"/>
          </bean>
        </property>
    </bean>

With the above bean definition, Camel will pass the specified security credentials when it connects to the broker.

If the broker is running in an OSGi container, add the following line after the ActiveMQComponent bean definition:

<service ref="activemq" interface="org.apache.camel.Component"/>

Web Console

If you want to use the Web Console with a secured broker, you have to change connectionFactory bean in your webapps/admin/WEB-INF/webconsole-embeded.xml to something like this:

<bean id="connectionFactory" class="org.apache.activemq.ActiveMQConnectionFactory">
    <property name="brokerURL" value="vm://localhost"/>
    <property name="userName" value="system"/>
    <property name="password" value="manager"/>
  </bean>

Default Credentials

Starting with version 5.3, all of the above configuration details are included in the default ActiveMQ configuration. Also, there is a central place where you can set credentials that these components will use to connect to the broker. Just set your desired username and password in the conf/credentials.properties file, which by default looks like this:

activemq.username=system
activemq.password=manager

Encrypted Passwords

As of version 5.4.1 you can also use Encrypted passwords with your broker

Message level Authorization

We have a configurable MessageAuthorizationPolicy to allow you to authorize each message using some content based authorization policy of your choosing. To enable this policy configure on the broker directly using the * messageAuthorizationPolicy* property or add it to the XML as follows

<broker>
  ..
  <messageAuthorizationPolicy>
    <bean class="com.acme.MyMessageAuthorizationPolicy" xmlns=""/>
  </messageAuthorizationPolicy>
  ..
</broker>

Implementing your own custom Security Plugin

All of the various security implementations are implemented as Interceptors so its very easy to add your own custom implementation. Its probably easier to start with one of the simple implementations though if you are using JAAS you could derive from the JAAS implementation.

Third Party Tools

© 2004-2011 The Apache Software Foundation.
Apache ActiveMQ, ActiveMQ, Apache, the Apache feather logo, and the Apache ActiveMQ project logo are trademarks of The Apache Software Foundation. All other marks mentioned may be trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective owners.
Graphic Design By Hiram